Assessment or determining factors

Indicators of obesity

1. When the population is affected by obesity this illness becomes a Public health problem.

2. We can say that the number of people concerned by the problem is getting bigger and bigger because the people concerned are getting younger and younger. This increase concerns the bad eating habits and a lack of sports activities.

3. We can observe that there are different consequences especially for people of are not very well off because medical treatment can be very expensive. The consequences on people can be varied such as being excluded from society, escpecially if the person does’nt have any friends or family… There are also moral and psychological concequences.

4. We can note that this health problem becomes more important when the person has to go off on sick leave it as he/she doesn't get paid as much when on the sick. For example the overweight person has mobility problems & cannot therefore do certain activites because this person becomes tired very quickly.

5. When a large part of the population is concerned by obesity the state must take care of the cost of medical treatment. Therefore the illness represents an economic cost for the state. It’s an economic cost for companies also becauses they lose money when they have employees on sick leave.

6. It’s an economic cost for the individual because he/she permanantly lives with difficulties in everyday life which is very often related to the cost of living which is getting more and more expensive especially for a person who has an illness and no longer works..

Assessment

1-Many people are concerned :

According to the WHO (World Health Organization), in 2016, more than one point nine billion adults were overweight of whom 650 millions were obese.

2- Mortality and morbidity :

Mortality : According to Planetoscope, since January 1st, 2019, more than 2 million people have died because of people being obese and overweight in the world. 2.8 million people die every year from obesity.

Morbidity : According to the WHO, there are 1.4 billion of overweight people in the world.
3- Consequences for the person :

Economic : According to the newspaper Le Monde, 45% of jobseekers surveyed believe that it is acceptable to refuse someone for a job because of corpulence. Obese people are victims of discrimination because of their physical appearance, which gives them less chance of finding a job than those with financial problems.

Moral : According to the INSEE in France, most people who are overweight or obese since the 2000s are aged beween 18 & 24 years old. Regarding the female population, 42% are perceived as too big, which can lead them to eating disorders and sometimes suicidal thoughts that bring about suicidal attempts (this concerned 2% of girld aged 15 to 19 in 2010).

Social : According to a survey carried out on 30,000 students after a health checkup made by doctors and nurses from the Ministry of Health in 2000, 14% of children aged 6 are overweight or obese. Also there are steep social inequalities from the age of 6 years : the children of workers are four times more affected by obesity than children of executives : 16% are overweight and 6% are obese against 7% and 1% among children of executives.

4- High cost for the commuity :

According to the Senate, the last cost study which was carried out in France in 1992 announced this cost was at 2% of the health expenditure. Its evolution has doubled since 1990, so it is more than 4% of the health expenditure which means that this cost is 5,6 billion euros.

5- Prevention devices :
An action plan is set up and it will cintribute to a 25% decrease of premature mortality and stop rising global obesity rates at their level of 2010.